LIEUT. GEN. HENRY HOPE CREALOCK

  • LIEUT. GEN. HENRY HOPE CREALOCK Image
  • LIEUT. GEN. HENRY HOPE CREALOCK Image

Lot 62

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LIEUT. GEN. HENRY HOPE CREALOCK, C.B., C.M.G., (1831-1891)

THE ACTION OF BAREILLY, 5th MAY 1858

signed and dated l.l. ...Crealock del. May 1858 inscribed verso no7. / the action of Bareilly / 5th May 1858 / Sir Colin Campbell / Gen. Sir William Mansfield / Colonel Crealock etc. / original sketch by Colonel Crealock

pen and ink

30.0 x 203.0cm / 13 x 80in

Bareilly was the last stronghold of Indian Independence by the beginning of May 1858, under the leadership of Khan Bhadur Khan Rohilla, who had declared himself Nawab of the city. General Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, along with Captain George Stewart and Sir William Mansfield led the British Army along with a number of East India Company troops and recaptured the city in a day.

Henry Hope Crealock had an impressive military career, serving with distinction in Crimea, again in the second Opium War in China with the Expeditionary Force and in India with Sir William Rose Mansfield. In 1860 he was appointed as Lord Elgin's military secretary in China and served there until the Austro-Prussian war when he was made military attaché in Vienna. From 1874-1877 he was Quartermaster General in Ireland. Crealock commanded the first division in the Anglo-Zulu war for which he was created C.M.G.

Crealock made sketches throughout his time in the army, and his scenes of the First Indian War of Independence, Anglo-Chinese war and the Anglo-Zulu war are valuable and painstaking records of these events. Crealock's Sketches of India was published by the forward-thinking Joseph Hogarth, who had begun publishing photographic reproductions of paintings and drawings in the 1850's. In 1861, Hogarth exhibited six albumen prints of Crealock's drawings of India at the London Photographic Society, publishing a booklet listing 36 such photographic reproductions by Felice Beato of Crealock's drawings. These were accompanied by descriptive notes written by Crealock himself, including one on the present work:

"No. 7 / On the morning of the 5th May, 1858, the Head Quarter Camp was struck at Furreedpore, a village about ten miles from Bareilly, and the troops, under Sir Colin Campbell's orders, marched on the latter place. At five o'clock the column was halted about two miles from Bareilly. Sir Colin having drawn the troops up in order of battle, advanced on the city. Sir Colin and the Head Quarter Staff moved with Colonel Tombs' troop of Bengal Horse Artillery, which formed the advance of the left wing of the line of battle. The sketch represents the moment when the enemy discloses his advanced post by opening on the British Force with artillery from the Bareilly road; the first shot struck within a hundred yards in front of Colonel Tombs' troop, and passed over it; the second shot, better directed, struck one of the artillery horses in the hind leg, breaking it. At this moment Colonel Tombs turned round to the troops, saying to the officers, "Steady, gentlemen, steady, keep your intervals." The next two shots from the enemy killed two artillerymen, and struck Major Norma, the deputy adjutant-general of the army, on the heel, slightly wounding him. Sir William Mansfield at this time desired Lieut.-Colonel H. Hope Crealock to order up the heavy guns, to bear on the left flank of the enemy's post. Colonel Crealock is represented taking the order from General Mansfield, who is pointing out the direction of the spot to be fired on" (1)

The figures identified in the drawing are as follows:

Field Marshal Sir Colin Campbell, 1st Baron Clyde, GCB, KCSI

General Sir William Mansfield, 1st Baron Sandhurst, GCB, GCSI, PC (Ire)

Lieutenant General Henry Hope Crealock, CB, CMG

Major General Sir Henry Tombs, VC, KCB

Field Marshal Sir Henry Wylie Norman, GCB

 

Later in life Crealock spent a great deal of time in Scotland deer-stalking, and his Deer-Stalking in the Highlands of Scotland (1892) is a definitive text on the subject.

(1) Lieut.-Colonel Henry Hope Crealock - Sketches of the Campaign in India - Joseph Hogarth, 5 Haymarket, London, 1861, p4, no.7